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基于相似构型决策的舰载机驾驶员建模与评估

刘晓雨1,孙立国2,谭文倩1,魏金鹏3,王维军4,焦俊凯1   

  1. 1. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院 飞行力学与飞行安全系
    2. 北京航空航天大学航空科学与工程学院飞行力学与控制系
    3. 航空工业沈阳飞机设计研究所
    4. 北京航空航天大学航空科学与工程学院
  • 收稿日期:2021-09-06 修回日期:2021-11-06 出版日期:2021-11-10 发布日期:2021-11-10
  • 通讯作者: 谭文倩
  • 基金资助:
    航空科学基金

Modeling and Evaluation of Carrier Aircraft Pilots Based on Similar Configuration Decisions

  • Received:2021-09-06 Revised:2021-11-06 Online:2021-11-10 Published:2021-11-10

摘要: 舰船运动和舰尾流等复杂海况是影响舰载机着舰难易度和精确度的核心因素,建立驾驶员着舰控制行为模型并构建人机闭环系统是评估复杂海况对驾驶员操纵负荷影响的有效手段。此外,新一代舰载机存在多种构型配置,并且即便是同一飞机其每次开始着舰时也可能处于不同的质量和气动构型下,因此在驾驶员建模中有必要考虑飞机构型变化。本文针对舰载机着舰操纵负荷评估问题,基于飞行实验手段和频域计算方法,建立了纵向俯仰跟踪的Hess结构驾驶员模型。考虑飞机着舰构型的变化,基于CAP准则和控制扩展方法,构建了舰载机典型构型库,并应用驾驶员在环仿真实验建立了与各飞机构型匹配的驾驶员模型,形成驾驶员模型库。在此基础上,给出了相似构型决策准则和方法,提出了应用中针对指定飞机构型的驾驶员行为模型预测方法。针对舰载机在复杂海况下的着舰任务开展仿真分析,结果表明,本文方法能够支撑研究不同舰载机构型的操纵负荷的影响。

关键词: 舰载机着舰, 驾驶员建模, 人在环实验, 构型库, 操纵负荷评估

Abstract: Complicated sea conditions such as carrier motion and air wake are the core factors that affect the difficulty and accuracy of carrier-based aircraft landing. And establishing a pilot landing control behavior model and constructing a pilot-aircraft closed-loop system is to evaluate the handling load of the pilot in complex sea conditions. Furthermore, there exist usually several different configurations for new generation carrier aircraft. Even for the same aircraft, it may stay at different mass property or aerodynamic configuration state when it is prepared to land. Therefore, it is essential to consider the configuration variation of the aircraft when building pilot behavior models. In this paper, aiming at the evaluation of the loading of the carrier-based aircraft, based on the flight experiment method and the frequency domain calculation method, a Hess structure pilot model for longitudinal pitch tracking is established. Then, considering the change of aircraft landing configuration, a configuration library for typical and control-augmented carrier aircraft based on the control anticipation parameter (CAP) criteria, and pilot-in-the-loop simulation experiments were used to establish a pilot model matching each aircraft type to form a pilot Member model library. On this basis, similar configuration decision-making criteria and method are given, and the pilot behavior model prediction method for the designated aircraft type in the application is proposed. A simulation analysis is carried out on the landing mission of a carrier-based aircraft in complex sea conditions. The results show that the method in this paper can support the study of the influence of the handling load of different types of ship-borne mechanisms.

Key words: Carrier landing, Pilot modeling, Human in the loop experiment, Configuration library, Maneuvering load assess-ment

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