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高性能航空复合材料结构的关键力学问题研究进展

发布日期: 2022-07-21 | 浏览次数: 236
高性能航空复合材料结构的关键力学问题研究进展

赵天1, 李营1, 张超2, 姚辽军3, 黄怿行1, 黄治新1, 陈诚4, 汪万栋5, 祖磊6, 周华民4, 裘进浩2, 邱志平7, 方岱宁1                          

1. 北京理工大学 先进结构技术研究院, 北京 100081;
2. 南京航空航天大学 航空学院, 南京 210016;
3. 哈尔滨工业大学 航天学院, 哈尔滨 150001;
4. 华中科技大学 材料科学与工程学院, 武汉 430074;
5. 西北工业大学 民航学院, 西安 710072;
6. 合肥工业大学 机械工程学院, 合肥 230009;
7. 北京航空航天大学 航空科学与工程学院, 北京 100083


Fundamental mechanical problems in high-performance aerospace composite structures: State-of-art review

ZHAO Tian1, LI Ying1, ZHANG Chao2, YAO Liaojun3, HUANG Yixing1, HUANG Zhixin1, CHEN cheng4, WANG Wandong5, ZU Lei6, ZHOU Huamin4, QIU Jinhao2, QIU Zhiping7, FANG Daining1        

1. Institute of Advanced Structure Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;
2. College of Aerospace Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China;
3. School of Astronautics, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China;
4. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China;
5. School of Civil Aviation, Northwestern Polytechnical University, Xi'an 710072, China;
6. School of Mechanical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Hefei 230009, China;
7. School of Aeronautic Science and Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100083, China


摘要: 复合材料具备基于多种材料有机融合后所产生的"1+1>2"的优势,是实现航空飞行器结构轻量化、功能化与智能化的有效途径。然而,由于复合材料高各向异性、结构多尺度化等方面的特征,导致设计、制造及表征评价等方面都存在诸多问题与挑战。高性能复合材料结构在航空装备中的发展是一个涉及力学、材料、机械、控制等多学科融合的交叉性问题。本文针对其中涉及的若干关键力学问题,重点围绕近年来国内外在航空复合材料结构力学设计与性能评估、功能化设计以及制造工艺力学等3个方面的研究进展进行了概述,并对未来航空复合材料结构在这3方面的发展趋势进行了展望。

关键词: 航空飞行器, 复合材料结构, 力学性能, 功能化设计, 制造工艺力学

Abstract: Benefitting from the superiorities brought by the organic fusion of different materials, high-performance composites are considered as an effective approach to achieving light-weight design, multi-functionality and intelligentization of aviation aircraft. However, the high anisotropy and multi-scale structural properties of the composites also produce significant problems and challenges for structural design, fabrication and characterization. The application and development of high-performance composite materials in aircraft is a multi-disciplinary problem involving, material science, mechanical engineering and control technology. Focusing on several related fundamental mechanical problems, this paper mainly presents a critical review on the recent research progress in mechanical design and property evaluation, functional design and manufacturing mechanics of aircraft composite structures. An outlook for the research directions in aircraft composite structures is provided in the final part.

Key words: aviation aircraft, composite structure, mechanical property, functional design, manufacturing mechanics

                                                    

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