Please wait a minute...
航空学报 > 2017, Vol. 38 Issue (8): 320929-320929   doi: 10.7527/S1000-6893.2016.320929
变频交流发电系统双定子绕组异步发电机短路瞬态分析
庄圣伦, 黄文新, 卜飞飞, 苏宁
南京航空航天大学 自动化学院, 南京 210016
Short circuit transient analysis of dual stator-winding induction generator based on aircraft variable frequency AC generating system
ZHUANG Shenglun, HUANG Wenxin, BU Feifei, SU Ning
College of Aerospace Engineering, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Nanjing 210016, China
下载:  PDF (3733KB) 
输出:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

航空变频交流电源发电机突然短路是一种常见的故障情况,其瞬变过程值得展开深入研究。针对用于航空变频交流发电系统的双定子绕组异步发电机(DWIG),分析了两套绕组同时发生对称突然短路的情况,运用解析法给出了短路电流的衰减规律,最大短路电流计算公式及到达时刻。研究结果表明,DWIG在短路时定子绕组中将产生两个直流衰减分量和一个旋转衰减分量,分别对应两套定子绕组和转子的影响,其瞬态电抗的形式与带阻尼绕组的同步电机直轴超瞬变电抗类似,并与瞬态电流的峰值成反比关系,分析表明DWIG短路电流的峰值小于同步发电机。所得的结果能够有助于深入理解DWIG的瞬态特性,获得的解析公式有助于对发电机突然短路电流进行估算,辅助发电机电磁设计,可以为发电系统保护单元和控制器的设计提供理论参考。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
庄圣伦
黄文新
卜飞飞
苏宁
关键词:  变频交流电源  双定子绕组异步发电机(DWIG)  瞬态分析  拉普拉斯变换  解析法    
Abstract: 

In aircraft variable frequency AC power system, short circuit is a common fault worthy of in-depth study. In this paper, the transient performance of the dual stator-winding induction generator (DWIG) is analyzed under the condition when short circuit simultaneously occurs in both control winding and power winding. The analytical solution is used to derive the short circuit attenuation rules, the maximum current expression and the corresponding arrival time. The result shows that there are two DC decaying components and one AC decaying components when short circuit occurs, corresponding to the two set of stator-windings and rotor winding respectively. The transient reactance of the DWIG is similar to the d-axis sub-transient reactance of the synchronous machine, and is inversely proportional to the transient current peak value. Analysis shows that the DWIG transient current is smaller than the synchronous machine. The conclusion of the paper can help with estimating DWIG's transient current, guiding electromagnetic design of the generator, and providing theoretical reference to the design of the protection unit and controller of the power generation system.

Key words:  variable frequency AC power    dual stator-winding induction generator (DWIG)    transient analysis    Laplace transform    analysis method
收稿日期:  2016-11-11      修回日期:  2016-12-10           出版日期:  2017-08-15      发布日期:  2017-05-18      期的出版日期:  2017-08-15
ZTFLH:  V242.44  
  TM354  
基金资助: 

国家自然科学基金(51277095,51507079);航空科学基金(2016ZC52020);中国博士后科学基金(2016t90454)

通讯作者:  黄文新,E-mail:Huangwx@nuaa.edu.cn    E-mail:  Huangwx@nuaa.edu.cn
引用本文:    
庄圣伦, 黄文新, 卜飞飞, 苏宁. 变频交流发电系统双定子绕组异步发电机短路瞬态分析[J]. 航空学报, 2017, 38(8): 320929-320929.
ZHUANG Shenglun, HUANG Wenxin, BU Feifei, SU Ning. Short circuit transient analysis of dual stator-winding induction generator based on aircraft variable frequency AC generating system. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2017, 38(8): 320929-320929.
链接本文:  
http://hkxb.buaa.edu.cn/CN/10.7527/S1000-6893.2016.320929  或          http://hkxb.buaa.edu.cn/CN/Y2017/V38/I8/320929

[1] 程国华. 大型民用飞机电源系统的现状与发展[J]. 民用飞机设计与研究, 2008, 4(1):1-5. CHENG G H. The current situation and development of large civil aircraft power system[J]. Civil Aircraft Design and Research, 2008, 4(1):1-5(in Chinese).
[2] ABANSAL R, BHATTI T, KOTHARI D. Bibliography on the application of induction generators in nonconventional energy systems[J]. IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, 2003, 18(3):433-439.
[3] ELBULUK M, KANKAN M. Potential starter/generator technologies for future aerospace applications[J]. IEEE Aerospace & Electronic Systems Magazine, 1997, 12(5):24-31.
[4] BU F F, HUANG W X, HU Y W, et al. A stand-alone dual stator-winding induction generator variable frequency AC power system[J]. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2012, 27(1):10-13.
[5] OJO O, DAVIDSON I. PWM-VSI inverter-assisted stand-alone dual stator winding induction generator[J]. IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, 2000, 36(6):1604-1611.
[6] BU F F, HU Y W, HUANG W X. Wide-speed-range-operation dual stator-winding induction generator DC generating system for wind power applications[J]. IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, 2015, 30(2):561-573.
[7] 刘陵顺, 胡育文, 黄文新. 变速运行的双绕组感应发电机电磁优化设计[J]. 中国电机工程学报, 2006, 26(3):125-130. LIU L S, HU Y W, HUANG W X. Optimal design of dual stator-winding induction generator operating with variable speed[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE, 2006, 26(3):125-130(in Chinese).
[8] LI Y, HU Y W. The capacity optimization for the static excitation controller of the dual-stator-winding induction generator operating in a wide speed range[J]. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2009, 56(2):530-541.
[9] BU F F, HU Y W, HUANG W X. Parameters design and static performance of dual stator-winding induction generator variable frequency AC generating system with inductive and capacitive loads[J]. IEEE Transactions on Industrial Electronics, 2014, 61(8):3902-3914.
[10] MA W M, WANG D, ZHANG B, et al. A high speed induction generator based on power integration techniques[C]//Industry Applications Conference, 2005, 4:2272-2279.
[11] 庄圣伦, 黄文新. 定子双绕组异步发电机航空变频交流发电系统不对称运行性能分析[J]. 航空学报, 2014, 35(12):3416-3424. ZHUANG S L, HUANG W X. Asymmetric operation performance for variable frequency AC generation system based on dual stator-winding induction generator[J]. Acta Aeronautica et Astronautica Sinica, 2014, 35(12):3416-3424(in Chinese).
[12] 史经奎, 卜飞飞. 基于定子双绕组异步发电机的交直流混合发电系统[J]. 电工技术学报, 2016, 31(2):38-46. SHI J K, BU F F. AC&DC hybrid power supply system based on dual stator-winding induction generator[J]. Transactions of China Electrotechnical Society, 2016, 31(2):38-46(in Chinese).
[13] 孙梦云. 基于场路耦合时步有限元法的感应电机瞬态分析[D]. 宜昌:三峡大学, 2013. SUN M Y. Transient analysis of induction motor based on time-stepping finite element method coupled with the circuit equations[D]. Yichang:China Three Gorges University, 2013(in Chinese).
[14] 凌禹. 大型双馈风电机组故障穿越关键技术研究[D]. 上海:上海交通大学, 2014. LING Y. Research on the key techniques of fault ride through for wind turbines with doubly fed induction generator[D]. Shanghai:Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2014(in Chinese).
[15] 汤蕴璆, 梁艳萍. 感应电机不对称短路的瞬态[J]. 电机与控制学报, 2000, 4(3):129-142. TANG Y Q, LIANG Y P. Transient unbalanced short circuits of induction machine[J]. Electric Machines and Control, 2000, 4(3):129-142(in Chinese).
[16] 欧阳金鑫, 熊小伏. 电网短路时并网双馈风电机组的特性研究[J]. 中国电机工程学报, 2011, 31(22):17-25. OUYANG J X, XIONG X F. Characteristics of DFIG-based wind generation under grid short circuit[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE, 2011, 31(22):17-25(in Chinese).
[17] 杨淑英, 孙灯悦. 基于解析法的电网故障时双馈风力发电机电磁暂态过程研究[J]. 中国电机工程学报, 2013, 33(S):14-20. YANG S Y, SUN D Y. Study on electromagnetic transition of DFIG-based wind turbines under grid fault based on analytical method[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE, 2013, 33(S):14-20(in Chinese).
[18] 熊小伏, 欧阳金鑫. 电网短路时双馈感应发电机转子电流的分析与计算[J]. 中国电机工程学报, 2012, 32(28):114-121. XIONG X F, OUYANG J X. Analysis and calculation of rotor currents for doubly-fed induction generators under short circuits in power grids[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE, 2012, 32(28):114-121(in Chinese).
[19] 程孟增. 双馈风力发电系统低电压穿越关键技术研究[D]. 上海:上海交通大学, 2012. CHENG M Z. Research on the key technologies of low voltage ride through for Doubly-Fed wind power generation system[D]. Shanghai:Shanghai Jiao Tong University, 2012(in Chinese).
[20] 王东, 马伟明. 12/3相双绕组感应发电机直流侧突然短路电流分析[J]. 中国电机工程学报, 2005, 25(15):133-139. WANG D, MA W M. Study on the currents of sudden DC-Side short circuit of a 12/3-PHASE dual stator-winding induction generator[J]. Proceedings of the CSEE, 2005, 25(15):133-139(in Chinese).
[21] 刘迪吉. 航空电机学[M]. 北京:航空工业出版社,1992:212-215. LIU D J. Aviation electric machinery[M]. Beijing:Aviation Industrial Publishing House, 1992:212-215(in Chinese).

[1] 张瑶佳 王莉 王晓慧 程国华 阮立刚. 飞机主馈线单相交流电阻解析计算方法研究[J]. 航空学报, 2018, 39(5): 0-0.
[2] 余诗怡, 郝振洋. 航空发动机内置式永磁容错发电系统的研究[J]. 航空学报, 2016, 37(9): 2775-2787.
[3] 庄圣伦, 黄文新, 卜飞飞, 苏宁. 定子双绕组异步发电机航空变频交流发电系统不对称运行性能分析[J]. 航空学报, 2014, 35(12): 3415-3424.
[4] 宋述芳,吕震宙, 张伟伟, 叶正寅. 随机机翼结构阵风响应的分布函数及灵敏度分析[J]. 航空学报, 2011, 32(10): 1770-1777.
[5] 林梦鹤;孙宪学. 气动弹性剪裁中的响应值敏度[J]. 航空学报, 2001, 22(1): 30-34.
[6] 邹贵平;唐立民. 层合厚板混合状态Hamiltonian元的半解析解[J]. 航空学报, 1994, 15(7): 794-799.
[7] 郦正能;罗漳平. 含非对称裂纹铆接加筋壁板的应力强度因子[J]. 航空学报, 1993, 14(5): 304-309.
[8] 宋海平;王林江. 具有弹性环的有限大弹性板应力场分析[J]. 航空学报, 1992, 13(12): 657-660.
[9] 王林江;林佳铿. 复变函数与数值法相结合计算复合材料层合板的应力场[J]. 航空学报, 1991, 12(11): 610-614.
[10] 陈承杭. 电路分析语言ECAL[J]. 航空学报, 1982, 3(3): 81-87.
[1] Wan Min;Zhang Weihong;Tan Gang. Efficient Simulation Model of Material Removal in Peripheral Milling of Thin-walled Workpiece[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2007, 28(5): 1247 -1251 .
[2] Qiao Lihong;Chen Shuai. A Manufacturing Information Mapping and Integration Method Supporting Information Sharing Between Application Systems[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2010, 31(7): 1494 -1500 .
[3] CHEN Ke;CAO Yi-hua;AUNG Ko-wynn;LI Dong. Application of Hybrid Grid to Analyzing Complex Iced Airfoil Aerodynamic Performance[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2007, 28(增): 87 -91 .
[4] Rong Yisheng;Liu Weiqiang. Influence of Opposing Jet on Flow Field and Aerodynamic Heating at Nose of a Reentry Vehicle[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2010, 31(8): 1552 -1557 .
[5] Zhu Xue-ou. SIMULATED METHOD OF FLOW RATE AT COOLING SIDE OF RADIATOR[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 1993, 14(6): 333 -334 .
[6] Yang Chao;Song Chen;Wu Zhigang;Zhang Quhui. Active Flutter Suppression of Airplane Configuration with Multiple Control Surfaces[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2010, 31(8): 1501 -1508 .
[7] DAI Xin-jin;LIN Jia-hao;CHEN Hao-ran. Non-stationary Random Vibration Analysis of Composite Laminated Structures Attached with Frequencydependant Damping Layer[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2007, 28(增): 109 -115 .
[8] Xia Yun-cheng. COMPACT ELECTROMECHANICAL ACTUATION SYSTEM[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 1993, 14(6): 334 -335 .
[9] Li Pan;Chen Renliang. Rotor Tip Vortex Model and Its Effect on Free-vortex Wake Analysis[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2010, 31(8): 1517 -1523 .
[10] TAN Hui-jun;GUO Rong-wei. Wind Tunnel Tests of Hypersonic Inlets for Ramjet Modules of  Ramjet scramjet Combined Engine[J]. ACTA AERONAUTICAET ASTRONAUTICA SINICA, 2007, 28(4): 783 -790 .
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed